Services / Sprains and Strains

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About Sprains and Strains at Cascade Orthopedics

Sprains and strains are common musculoskeletal injuries that vary in severity. Cascade Orthopaedics in Auburn and Bonney Lake, Washington, is an experienced team of orthopaedic physicians specializing in diagnosing and treating sprains and strains. For expert patient-centered care, call the office nearest you or schedule an appointment online today.

Sprains and Strains Q & A

What are sprains and strains?

Sprains and strains are soft tissue injuries that affect the ligaments, muscles, or tendons.


Sprains are stretched or torn ligaments. Ligaments are the connective tissues that attach the bones to a joint. Sprains may affect any joint in the body, such as the ankle, knee, spine, or wrist.


Strains are overstretched or torn muscles or tendons. Tendons connect muscles to bones. You may strain a muscle or tendon when you forcefully twist or pull your body. Strains may occur in any area of the body, such as the legs, back, or shoulders.

What are the types of sprains and strains?

Classification of sprains and strains is based on the severity of the injury. 

Types of sprains include:

  • Grade 1 sprain: mild stretching of the ligament
  • Grade 2 sprain: partial tearing of the ligament
  • Grade 3 sprain: complete ligament tear

Strains are either acute or chronic. Acute strains are short-term injuries that resolve within a few weeks. Chronic strains may cause ongoing muscle pain and spasms.

What can I expect during an evaluation for sprains and strains?

You can expect a thorough and patient-focused exam when you see the team at Cascade Orthopaedics with concerns about a sprain or strain. 

They first review the details of the injury, including how it happened and the type of symptoms you feel, and then review your medical history and your usual level of activity.

The team examines the injured body part and may request on-site imaging to confirm or rule out a diagnosis.

What are the treatments for sprains and strains?

Your sprain or strain treatment plan is customized based on the location and severity of your injury. The practice offers a wide range of treatment options and works closely with you to design a plan that gives you the best outcomes.

Initially, the team may take a conservative approach to manage your sprain or strain, recommending:

  • Rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE)
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Bracing or splinting
  • Physical therapy
  • Joint injections

For complete tears, Cascade Orthopaedics may recommend surgery to repair the injury. The team uses minimally invasive arthroscopic tools and techniques to reduce incision size and recovery time.

To prevent complications, sprains and strains benefit from expert care at Cascade Orthopaedics. Call the office nearest you or schedule an appointment online today.